There are different classes of golf clubs. Among them is the wedge, a part of the iron golf club family with a few special functions such as in assisting players in short-distance “lob” shots and getting the ball out of hazard or tricky spots. This makes them among some of the most versatile clubs. Knowing how to find golf wedges, especially for seniors, can help the player earn a much higher score compared to buying a new driver as wedges may have the highest recorded lofts, shortest shafts and heaviest clubheads. Research has also shown that a quarter of all shots make use of a wedge. One of the benefits of the wedge is its modified soles that help the clubhead move through various terrain, including sand, mud and thick grass. This feature also helps in extracting the ball that is embedded or buried.
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Types of Wedges
Golf wedges come in four types: pitching wedge, gap wedge, sand wedge, and lob wedge.
- The pitching wedge is considered by many to be one of the most commonly used types of wedges. This has a loft of around 44 to 48 degrees in loft angle. What makes this wedge useful in a lot of places is how it can make full shots into green areas.
- The next type is the gap wedge. This is called such due to how it is able to fill the gap left by the pitching and sand wedges. In terms of how it is used, the gap wedge adds a sense of variety to the game with its 50 to 53-degree loft angle and their use in pitches that do not require full swing or longer chips. Another name for this iron is the attack or utility wedge because of its adaptability in any situation.
- Another type of wedge is the sand wedge. This type of iron has a loft angle between 54 degrees to 58 degrees, but its primary feature is its heavier sole. This is useful when escaping from green bunkers and has quite a loft. In fact, this is among the most preferred wedges due to its use for bunker shots.
- The last type of wedge, the lob wedge is considerably new and has a higher loft of around 60 degrees to 64 degrees. Although this gives more height and more spin in shots as well as provides better utility in full shots, the sand wedge is preferred for being more balanced with its high loft.
With these kinds of clubs, how can seniors find golf wedges suited to their needs? Some particular features of these irons are worth considering.
When the loft is high enough, it means that the shot is more elevated. This results in a higher flight for the ball.
Many players often carry more than three wedges for the sake of variety in their short games, and the key to choosing this is to ensure that there are no big gaps between lofts, specifically between the lowest loft club and the first wedge and between edge wedge.
Bounce or bounce angle pertains to how much the bottom part of the club, or the sole, can lift the leading edge. This means that the bounce affects the club through the surface under the ball at impact. Wedges fall under four different categories in this regard.
Low Bounce Wedges
This is a category of wedge based on the bounce angle. Having an angle of 4 to 6 degrees, the low bounce type is quite useful for players who want to curve the ball under more pressuring turf conditions such as link courses and coarse sandy areas.
Mid Bounce Wedges
The mid bounce wedge’s versatility on the field is considerable, given how it adapts to a wide range of conditions and different kinds of swings to be used. In terms of bounce angle, it is quite balanced at 7 to 10 degrees.
High Bounce Wedges
This type of wedge goes beyond 10 degrees in bounce angle. This indicates that the leading edge should sit higher whenever the sole is placed on the ground. These wedges are best used by players who want to dig at impact or play under softer conditions like parkland courses and bunkers with fine sand.
A sole grind refers to the additional shaping of the wedge’s sole, often ground mechanically for use in specific conditions. For example, a heel grind will chip away some materials off the sole’s heel so that the face of the club can sit lower to the ground. This helps to change the bounce of the sole.
The club can be finished with chrome or nickel to maintain its color and appearance for longer periods of time. Raw finishes are also used to wear or rust more over time. This condition allows for improved fiction and an improved spin. Darker finishes can wear off the sole and face to give some wear marks.
How one goes about finding golf wedges also depends on the capability of the player. It is recommended to always have the sand wedge due to its use in sandy grounds, and the lob wedge may not prove as useful to some older players. Nevertheless, one must have a sense of variety in the selection of wedges.